1. How do we control the population of street dogs?
The population of street dogs can be controlled in the following ways:
I. Registration and identification of dogs (licensing)
A core component of dog population control by the concerned authorities is the registration and Identification of owned dogs.
II. Reproductive control
Methods for controlling reproduction in dogs include:
• surgical sterilisation;
• chemical sterilisation;
• chemical contraception;
• Separation of female dogs during oestrus from unsterilized males.
III. Animal Birth Control (ABC) -The purpose of this programme is to bring down the number of street dogs in a humane manner and to bring down the number of cases of rabies.
2. Has the ABC program worked before?
The purpose of the ABC programme is to bring down the number of street dogs in a humane manner and, more importantly, to bring down the number of cases of rabies. The ABC program was first conceived by the Blue Cross in 1966. Animal welfare organisations like People for Animals (PFA), Blue Cross of India (BCI) and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals have played a major role in the success of the programme. ABC is a humane approach to avoid killing of street dogs in urban environs. In Jaipur, street dogs were poisoned and killed for many years by the municipality. Hence, in 1993 Help in Suffering society prepared a plan to avoid such a practice. Since then, the HIS has run two successful ABC programmes in Jaipur which have seen effective birth control.
3. Are both male and female dogs sterilised?
Sterilizationis the removal of an animal’s reproductive organ, either all of it or a considerably large part. Yes, both male and female dogs are sterilized. The term “neutering” is often used in reference to males whereas spaying is often reserved for females. Traditional spaying, i.e., removal of uterus & ovaries is performed commonly on household pets (such as cats and dogs), as a method of birth control. It involves abdominal surgery to remove the ovaries and uterus. In male animals, castration involves the removal of the testes, and is commonly practiced on both household pets and on livestock.
4. What should I do if I want the dogs in my area sterilised?
In order to get the dogs in one’s area sterilized, one should write to the Municipal Corporation of the area to get the dogs picked and hand them over to the nearest animal welfare organisation for them to perform the process of sterilization on the dogs.Organisations such as Welfare of Street Dogs, People for Animal, etc, can also be contacted directly for the same.
5. How can I get street dogs vaccinated against rabies?
One should get in touch with the municipal corporation of the area or the various animal protection organizations for getting their dogs vaccinated against rabies. Organizations usually have tie ups with the government and will be able to provide low cost vaccinations.
6. I often find sterilised dogs in location different from where they were picked up, how can I combat this issue?
In such a situation, one should contact the municipal corporation of the area as soon as possible and ensure that this shouldn’t happen again. Moving an animal away from its place is, both wrong and illegal as dogs are territorial. One can contact the nearest animal protection organisation to combat the same.
7. What can I do to prevent street dogs chasing after cars or bikes?
Chasing is an instinctive behavior in dogs. Dogs love chasing cats, joggers, bicycles, cars, other dogs and almost anything that moves. Moving objects stimulate dogs to chase. Sometimes it is just the dog’s play response. Dogs love to chase and be chased. If one’s vehicle is being chased by dogs, one can simply stop the vehicle for a minute and then resume the travel. This will stop the dog from chasing the vehicle. A person shouldn’t yell at the dog, or stare at them because this will make them aggressive.
8. How do I deal with my neighbourhood kids teasing and hitting street dogs?
In such a situation, one should first of all talk to the kids and try and explain them the plight of street animal. They should be told that how these street animals too deserve respect and compassion, and how these homeless and speechless creatures need to be dealt with kindness.
If they still not stop, one should then contact their parents and explain to them that such an action of their kids is harming the animal and adding to its plight. If need be, tell them that their action is resulting to the violation of the Prevention of Cruelty towards Animals Act, 1960 and that such an act is punishable under the Indian law.
If they still don’t stop, then go to the nearest animal protection organisation and seek help. Also, try reaching out to their school authorities and talk about the same.
9. How can we deal with someone deliberately killing street dogs?
Killing, beating or Mutilating a dog is punishable under the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals Act, 1960. Hence, an FIR can be lodged against that someone in the nearest police station and he can be punished for violation of the Act.
10. What can I do to solve the problem of dogs barking throughout the night?
Dogs bark and howl either during dog fights or during their mating times. Usually, moving the dog to another place is seen as a possible solution to this. However, one isn’t aware that dog fights usually occur when a new dog comes into the territory of the old. As for the sounds of bark and howl during the mating time, this problem can be solved by sterilizing the dogs in all the localities. Animal Birth Control (ABC) practices and sterilization of the dog is thus an effective measure to solve this issue.
11. Is it unfortunate that street dogs have to feed on garbage?
Studies have proved that dogs have always been scavengers and unlike human beings they don’t view garbage with disgust. Even pet dogs search within garbage in their owner’s dustbin. Hence, it is not unfortunate that street dogs have to feed on garbage because, more than being their need, it is their habit and they do lead a healthy life.
12. Does feeding a street dog increase the street dog problem?
It is a noble job to feed these dogs. However, the act of feeding the dog should not disturb the public and should only be taken up if sustainable.
13. I’m getting harassed for feeding street dogs in my area, what can I do?
Compassion towards all the creatures is one of the responsibilities cast upon the Indian citizens by the Indian Constitution and harassing someone, who has been taking this job seriously, is punishable under law.One can apply for identity cards from the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI). This would definitely help them avoid harassment from people. The application form can be downloaded from the AWBI website Click Here
14. What support can I get for feeding street dogs?
One can contact animal protection centres like PAWS (Pet Animal Welfare Society) who look into the nutrition and management of pet and street animals for the same. Organisations like People for Animals can help with the Animal Birth Control measures too.